Aurangabad caves are twelve rock-cut Buddhist Holy pilgrimage located on a hill roughly east to west, near to the town of Aurangabad, Maharashtra.
first relevancy the Aurangabad Caves is in the mighty chaitya of Kanheri Caves. The Aurangabad Caves were dug out of comparatively soft basalt rock during the sixth 7th century.
cave temples of Aurangabad carved between the 6th the 8th century is 9 km from Aurangabad district centre, some kilometres from the campus of Dr B.R Ambedkar Marathwada University, Soneri Mahal the Bibi-ka-Maqbara.
Sculptural carvings of Aurangabad Caves will be compared to the most effective paintings of Ajanta.
Caves one & two
Caves 1, 3 of Aurangabad last caves of Ajanta, co-existed as is obvious from striking parallels which we stumble upon while examining both the sites. Again at Aurangabad after a careful study of both caves 1,3 the conclusion the Historians have come to is that cave 3 was earlier to cave 1. In Cave 3 the artist seems to possess decorated with surprisingly neat organized designs of fretwork, scrolls, a panel of couples, tassels, geometrical designs, the highest point of perfection consummation.
The rest caves are generally ascribed to the Kalachuri dynasty. Of all, Cave seventh is the most extensive famous for its sculptural embellishments. On the plan, it includes a central shrine with circumambulation with an outer corridor running all around. This corridor has recesses at regular intervals which are carved with several Buddhist god goddesses. The front wall of the verandah has the very graceful representation of a panel of the litany of Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva on either side of the entrance to the shrine. The litany of Avalokitesvara is especially more extensive from similar examples at Ajanta Ellora.
The other important sculptural panels are of Tara, the principal consort of Avalokitesvara, stated to the left of central shrine door a group of 6 female musicians on the left wall of the main shrine. The latter is especially very famous often taken as the representative sculptural panel of the Aurangabad Caves. the most figure at the centre is in a very dancing attitude, with the five others playing different instruments. The remaining caves of the second group are of less important due to incomplete excavations.
Located At a distance of three km from Bibi Ka Maqbara 8 km from Aurangabad train station. Currently looked after maintaining by ASI- Archeological Survey of India.
Timings: 9 AM to 6 PM.
Entry Fee: Rs. 25 for Indians Rs. 250 for Foreigners.